The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as The "Earth Summit", held in 1992, considered strategies reconciling the imperatives of environmental protection and worldwide development and adopted in Agenda 21 an international program of action for global sustainable development into the 21st century.
On UNESCO initiative and with the close support of a group of Heads of State and Government, a World Solar Commission was established in 1995 to provide high-level leadership.
The World Solar Summit
The purpose of WSP was to sensitize governments, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, financial institutions, academia and private institutions on the need to support the development and utilization of renewable energy for sustainable development. Objectives and actions to be taken through national, regional and global projects.
WSP recognized the significance of the role solar and other sources of renewable energy such as wind, geothermal, hydro, biomass and ocean. Solar energy can reduce environmental degradation caused by adverse human activities.
The strategy of renewable energy should be well-founded not only on technical and economical criteria, but on the society and energy link, social and cultural dimensions.
Among the many security issues related to energy, an issue of dominant concern is the growing dependence of the majority of developed and developing countries on imports from a few oil and gas producing countries.
It was clear that the rules of the market, without remedial measures, would hamper any resolute and rapid transition to renewable energy, despite its obvious societal, environmental and economic benefits.
WSP 1996-2005 was meant to become the main supporter of renewable energy development.
Decision-makers at the national level are increasingly aware of the fact that the wider-scale use of renewable energies can have a very important impact on two key issues confronting them: environmental protection and social development.
Several regions planned that the share of renewable energy in the overall energy production should reach 8 to 15% by the year 2005. Unfortunately this has not been the case.