"Uniting for Peace" resolution, the matter was then referred to the
General Assembly, which met in emergency special session from 1 to 10 November.
The Assembly called for a ceasefire and the withdrawal of all foreign forces
from occupied territories. It also established the first United Nations
Emergency Force (UNEF) to secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities.
Following the dispatch of the Emergency Force to the area, the French and
British forces left the Suez Canal Zone by
The creation of UNEF, the first United Nations peacekeeping force, represented a significant innovation within the United Nations. It was not a peace-enforcement operation, as envisaged in Article 42 of the United Nations Charter, but a peacekeeping operation to be carried out with the consent and the cooperation of the parties to the conflict. It was armed, but the units were to use their weapons only in self-defence and even then with utmost restraint. Its main functions were to supervise the withdrawal of the three occupying forces and, after the withdrawal was completed, to act as a buffer between the Egyptian and Israeli forces and to provide impartial supervision of the ceasefire.
In the event, UNEF, stationed entirely on Egyptian
territory with the consent of the Government, patrolled the Egypt-Israel
armistice demarcation line and the international frontier to the south of the
Gaza Strip and brought relative quiet to a long-troubled area. The Canal,
blocked as a result of the conflict, was cleared by the United Nations. UNEF I
was withdrawn in May-June 1967 at the request of the Egyptian Government, which
informed the Secretary-General that it would no longer consent to the
stationing of the Force on Egyptian territory and in
Contributors of military personnel
Nov. 1956 - Dec. 1959 Lieutenant-General E.L.M. Burns (
Dec. 1959 - Jan. 1964 Lieutenant-General
P. S. Gyani (
Jan. 1964 - Aug. 1964 Major-General
Carlos F. Paiva Chaves (
Aug. 1964 - Jan. 1965 Colonel
Lazar Musicki (
Jan. 1965 - Jan. 1966 Major-General
Syseno Sarmento (
Jan. 1966 - June 1967 Major-General
Indar J. Rikhye (
UNEF in Wikipedia.
Information on the mission from the United Nations Department of Public Information.
Emergency Force - India