Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (1905-1961) was
Secretary-General of the United Nations from
At 18, he was
graduated from college and enrolled in
Hammarskjöld then moved to
At the age of 31 and
after having served one year as secretary in the National Bank of
Early in 1945, he was appointed an adviser to the Cabinet on financial
and economic problems, organizing and coordinating, among other things,
different governmental planning for the various economic problems that arose as
a result of the war and the post-war period. During these years, Mr.
Hammarskjöld played an important part in shaping
In 1947 he was appointed to the Foreign Office, where he was responsible for all economic questions with rank of Under-Secretary. In 1949, he was appointed Secretary-General of the Foreign Office and in 1951, he joined the Cabinet as Minister without portfolio. He became, in effect, Deputy Foreign Minister, dealing especially with economic problems and various plans for close economic cooperation.
He was a delegate to
the Paris Conference in 1947, when the Marshall Plan machinery was established.
He was his country's chief delegate to the 1948 Paris Conference of the
Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC). For some years he served
as Vice-Chairman of the OEEC Executive Committee. In 1950, he became Chairman
of the Swedish Delegation to UNISCAN, established to promote economic
cooperation between the
He was Vice-Chairman of the Swedish Delegation to the Sixth Regular
Session of the United Nations General Assembly in
Although he served with the Social-Democratic cabinet, Mr. Hammarskjöld never joined any political party, regarding himself as an independent, politically.
Mr. Hammarskjöld was unanimously appointed
Secretary-General of the United Nations by the General Assembly on
During his terms as Secretary-General, Mr. Hammarskjöld carried out many responsibilities for the United Nations in the course of its efforts to prevent war and serve the other aims of the Charter.
In the Middle East these included: continuing diplomatic activity in support of the Armistice Agreements between Israel and the Arab States and to promote progress toward better and more peaceful conditions in the area; organization in 1956 of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) and its administration since then; clearance of the Suez Canal in 1957 and assistance in the peaceful solution of the Suez Canal dispute; organization and administration of the United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL) and establishment of an office of the special representative of the Secretary-General in Jordan in 1958.
In 1955, following
his visit to
On one of these trips, from 18 December 1959 to 31 January 1960, the Secretary-General visited 21 countries and territories in Africa -- a trip he described later as "a strictly professional trip for study, for information", in which he said he had gained a "kind of cross-section of every sort of politically responsible opinion in the Africa of today".
Later in 1960, when President Joseph Kasa-Vubu
and Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba of the Republic of
the Congo sent a cable on 12 July asking "urgent dispatch" of United
Nations military assistance to the Congo, the Secretary-General addressed the
Security Council at a night meeting on 13 July and asked the Council to act
"with utmost speed" on the request. Following Security Council
actions the United Nations Force in the
In other fields of
work, Mr. Hammarskjöld was responsible for the organization in 1955 and 1958 of
the first and second UN international conference on the peaceful uses of atomic
He held honorary
In 2000 Secretary-General Kofi Annan established the Dag Hammarskjöld medal for posthumous award to members of peacekeeping operations who lost their lives during service with a peacekeeping operation under the operational control and authority of the United Nations.
The Dag Hammarskjöld Library website.
The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation website.
The official website for Dag Hammarskjöld.
Stamp catalogue - death commemoration