Historians have scant knowledge about Borneo's early
history, a certain fact though is the presence of modern man in Sarawak some
40.000 years ago (discovery of a Homo Sapiens skull at the Niah Caves), but most of today's indigenous populations
belong to the same Austronesian groups, brought by
maritime migratory waves in the last 5.000 or so years, who have settled along
the Malayan peninsula, the Indonesian, Philippine, Micronesian and Polynesian
archipelagos, and as far as Madagascar to the west and Easter Island to the
east. Archeological finds and trade records from the
Indian and Chinese empires prove that during the last millennium there was a
thriving barter trade of manufactured goods and exotic jungle produce between
these two empires and the
By the 14th century, Islam, introduced by Muslim traders, had gained a foothold in the coastal areas of Borneo and by the 16th century the Malay sultanate of Brunei would control most of the island's coasts, but its power would wane slowly with the rise of other sultanates and the arrival of Dutch in the south and British adventurers in the north.
From 1841 to 1868, the 1st Rajah, James Brooke,
organised his administration, trying to expand his territory, to pacify the
many warring tribes and to stamp out the practices of head hunting and piracy.
The 2nd Rajah, Charles Brooke (1868-1917), continued his predecessor's work and
Government: British crown colony
Area: 124.450 km˛
Population: 744.529 (June 1957)
printer: Waterlow & Sons,
perforated: 13˝:14 (1 and 4), 11:11˝ (2 and 3)
1 8 CENTS Hermes, globe, letter, airplane, boat,
train, text "UNIVERSAL / POSTAL
(cat. Michel 167/SG 167/Yvert 168)
2 15 c hemispheres, airplane, steamer, text "1874 / UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1949"
(cat. Michel 168/SG 168/Yvert 169)
3 25 c Hermes scattering letters over globe, text "UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1874 / 1949"
(cat. Michel 169/SG 169/Yvert 170)
4 50 c UPU monument,
(cat. Michel 170/SG 170/Yvert 171)
Freedom from Hunger Campaign
designer: Michael Goaman
5 12 cts collection of 'protein foods', text "FREEDOM FROM HUNGER"
(cat. Michel 203/SG 203/Yvert 204)