There are several versions as to the origin of Perak. Some say that the name 'Perak' came from Bendahara Tun Perak of Malacca while some say that it came from the "glimmer of fish in the water" that sparkled like silver or the rich mineral resource Perak has which is 'tin' or perak as it is known in Malay. Therefore, the mere mention of the State's name will reflect the treasures hidden in its earth.
The State had experienced the Hoabinhian
Era and the Neolithic Age as well as the Metal Age, which was proven by the
findings of relevant ancient artifacts. Then came the Hindu/Buddha era. It was thought to have
occurred simultaneously with the rest of
After this period, the history of the State advanced a step further with the formation of minor territories such as Manjung in the Dinding District and Beruas, which came into existence after Manjung ceased to exist. This also applies to a few other territories in the Perak Tengah and Hulu Perak. It was also then that Islam began to plant its roots firmly in the State.
Perak's documented history actually began with the installation of Sultan Muzaffar Shah 1, who was a descendent of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Malacca, in the year 1528. Although the Perak Sultanate had formed, the territorial powers were still in effect. The administrative method was an extension of the democratic feudal system of Malacca.
Perak became more prominent with the discovery of tin in Larut, Taiping in 1848 by Long Jaafar. With this discovery, Perak's economy boomed and more mining areas were brought into existence. In addition to tin ore, natural rubber also played an important role and is still being planted after the reign of 33 or 34 consecutive Sultans.
This significant implication of economic development resulted in the birth of a multiracial society especially with the introduction of the Chinese into the mining area.
The British who had long been interested in Perak, intervened through the Pangkor Treaty in 1874 after a riot in Larut. As a result of this intervention, the Residential system was introduced with James W.W Birch as its first Resident.
Initially, the Residential system was supposed to yield positive results. However, it soon deviated from its original cause, and combined with the local people's refusal to be colonised, an uprising against the Resident took place under the leadership of local leader, Datuk Maharaja Lela. As a result, J.W.W Birch was assassinated in 1875.
The Residential system continued until the arrival of the
Even after the Japanese surrendered, the British still
The people of
The independence of
Government: state of
the Federation of Malaya (1948),
Area: 21.006 km˛
Population: 2.030.382 (2000)
Perak in Wikipedia.
Flag of Perak in Flags of the World.
printer: Waterlow & Sons,
perforated: 13˝:14 (1 and 4), 11:11˝ (2 and 3)
1 10 cents Hermes, globe, letter, airplane, boat,
train, text "UNIVERSAL / POSTAL
(cat. Michel 77/SG 124/Yvert 75)
2 15 c hemispheres, airplane, steamer, text "1874 / UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1949"
(cat. Michel 78/SG 125/Yvert 76)
3 25 c Hermes scattering letters over globe, text "UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1874 / 1949"
(cat. Michel 79/SG 126/Yvert 77)
4 50 c UPU monument,
(cat. Michel 80/SG 127/Yvert 78)