The word Johor (English: Johore) is taken from the Arabic word, 'Jauhar', which literally means 'Precious Stones'. This illustrates the influence of the early Arab traders who traded spices in Johor. To the Siamese, Johor is 'Gangganu' or 'Treasured Stones'. One can trace the multifaceted culture and ethnic mix evident today back through the centuries when it was fought over by the Malays, Portugese, Achinese, Dutch, Bugis and British sometimes on grounds of religion but more often because of trade.
The history of modern Johor
began with Dato' Temenggong
Daing Ibrahim, the son of Temenggong Abdul Rahman who was a
descendant of Sultan Abdul Jalil IV of Johor. In 1855, under the terms of a treaty between the
Dato' Temenggong Daing Ibrahim maintained the seat of government at Teluk Belanga in
The Temenggong was succeeded by his son, Dato' Temenggong Abu Bakar who later took the title Seri Maharaja Johor. Temenggong Abu Bakar continued his father's efforts in cultivating friendly relations with the British. In 1866, he was formally crowned Sultan of Johor, a feat that earned him the title of 'Father of Modern Johor'. He gave Johor its constitution and developed an efficient system of administration. The moving of the seat of government from Teluk Belanga to Tanjung Puteri (renamed Johor Bahru) in 1841 led to the rapid development of the town as government offices, police stations, mosques and court houses were built. The Istana Besar constructed during his reign became the official residence of the Sultan.
His successor, Sultan Ibrahim, continued to maintain close relations with the British and in 1910, requested for the services of a British advisor to counsel him on matters of state. Under the able administration of Sultan Ibrahim and his successors, Johor continued to thrive and prosper.
In 1941, the peninsula fell under Japanese occupation
and joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948. After independence in 1957,
Capital: Johor Bahru
Government: state of
the Federation of Malaya (1948),
Area: 19.984 km˛
Population: 1.000.000 (1960)
Johore in Wikipedia.
Flag of Johore in Flags of the World.
printer: Waterlow & Sons,
perforated: 13˝:14 (1 and 4), 11:11˝ (2 and 3)
1 10 cents Hermes, globe, letter, airplane, boat,
train, text "UNIVERSAL / POSTAL
(cat. Michel 136/SG 148/Yvert 125)
2 15 c hemispheres, airplane, steamer, text "1874 / UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1949"
(cat. Michel 137/SG 149/Yvert 126)
3 25 c Hermes scattering letters over globe, text "UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1874 / 1949"
(cat. Michel 138/SG 150/Yvert 127)
4 50 c UPU monument,
(cat. Michel 139/SG 151/Yvert 128)