The Ciskei Bantustan in the Eastern Cape was created as an enclave for
the South Africa’s Xhosa-speaking people as part of apartheid racial
segregation. Despite Government rhetoric that this 'independent state' would
encourage cultural protection and separate development of these people, the Ciskei along with other Bantustans served to provide White South Africa with cheap,
controlled labour pools.
The working population of Zwelitsha township, first declared the capital of Ciskei, were mostly employed in nearby ‘White’ towns
such as Grahamstown. Later a new capital of Bisho in King Williams town was
Ciskei history dates to the early 1920s, when the
South African Union government restructured the Bunga
system that was applied to administer the area under British colonial rule. The
Bunga, which was an advisory council, comprising
traditional authorities and the educated elite held little power. The Bunga local unit consisted of a headman or the traditional inkundla (local assemblies) system. Before colonial
rule these were autonomous and their decisions were collective. Within the Bunga system, local assembly authority was subject to the
Magistrate’s Court. The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 withdrew their remaining
power, bringing them under direct control of the government. Traditional
authorities were thus bureaucratised. Chiefs and headmen were no longer accountable
to their people, but to the government. The purpose of Bantu Authorities was to
pave the way for the creation of Bantustans and racial segregation. This caused much anger.
The government of Ciskei was formed in 1961 after the South African
government declared it a separate administrative territory. In 1972 the status
was elevated to self-governing territory. This coincided with stronger efforts
to forcibly remove Xhosa-speakers to Ciskei. On 4 December 1982, Ciskei became an independent republic, recognised only
by the South African government and other ‘independent’ homeland states in South Africa.
Most South Africans rejected and fought against the idea of Ciskei. “Ciskeians” lost
their South African citizenship. The Ciskei remained with its neighbour, Transkei, among the most neglected areas of South Africa. Jobs in the Ciskei were limited to government or
government-sponsored projects, and South African-sponsored factories. Most of
these factories were neither economically viable nor legal entities in terms of
labour practice. They were mostly Taiwanese owned emerged out efforts to
attract foreign investors with promises of cheap labour and repression of
unions. These factories became the target of popular anger in the final days of
the Apartheid regime. After the 1994 democratic elections in South Africa, bantustans were
dissolved and the area known as Ciskei , restored to the Eastern Cape province.
km² / 8.100 km² (1994)
(1985) / 1.088.476 (1992)
Currency: Rand (100 cents)
Internet TLD: .za
Ciskei in Wikipedia.
of Ciskei in Flags of the World.
African Government Printer, Pretoria
remark: stamps also issued
to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Girl Guides Movement
1 12 c two girl guides with doll, IYY and
Girl Guides emblems
(cat. Michel 75/SG 73/Yvert 75)
2 25 c two girl guides planting trees, IYY
(cat. Michel 76/SG 74/Yvert 76)
3 30 c three girl guides with Girl Guides
flag, IYY emblem
(cat. Michel 77/SG 75/Yvert 77)
4 50 c two girl guides making a campfire,
(cat. Michel 78/SG 76/Yvert 78)
African Government Printer, Pretoria
size souv. sheet: 108 x 76 mm
remark: stamps depict
satellites over Southern
Africa; sales price of the
souvenir sheet is not indicated
5 35 c communications satellite Intelsat
VI (1989) over Earth, text "intelsat vi"
(cat. Michel 215/SG 210/Yvert 215)
6 70 c navigation satellite GPS Navstar (Block 1 1978-1985) over Africa, text "g p s navstar"
(cat. Michel 216/SG 211/Yvert 216)
7 90 c meteorological satellite Meteosat (First generation 1977) over Southern Africa, text "meteosat"
(cat. Michel 217/SG 212/Yvert 217)
8 R 1,05 Earth resources
satellite Landsat 6 (launched 1993, failed to reach
orbit) over Earth, text "landsat vi"
(cat. Michel 218/SG 213/Yvert 218)
9 (R 3,55) view of
space with Earth and Moon, National Philatelic Exhibition emblem, text
UITSTALLING / NATIONAL PHILATELIC EXHIBITION"
70 c navigation satellite GPS Navstar (Block 1 1978-1985) over Africa, text "g p s navstar"
(cat. Michel block 7/SG -/Yvert BF
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last revised: 22 September 2008