Aden, a free port since 1850, has been the chief entrepôt
and trading centre of South
Arabia since ancient
times. It enjoyed commercial importance until the discovery (late 15th century)
of an all-water route around Africa to India. With the opening of the Suez Canal (1869), Aden regained its importance and again became a major
trading centre and also an important refuelling stop; the harbour was deepened
to accommodate the largest vessels able to use the canal. Aden's economy, which depends heavily on canal traffic,
suffered from the closing of the canal during and after the 1956 and 1967
Aden's strategic location and its importance as a
commercial centre long made it a coveted conquest. Muslim Arabs held the region
from the 7th to the 16th century. The Portuguese failed in an attempt to
capture it in 1513, but it fell in 1538 to the Ottoman Turks. At the end of the
18th century Aden's importance as a strategic post grew as a result of British policy to
contain French expansion in the region. After the British capture of Aden in 1839, its administrative attachment to India, and the construction of the Suez Canal, Britain purchased areas on the mainland from local rulers and
entered into protectionist agreements with them. The Perim, Kamaran, and Kuria
Muria islands had been made part of Aden in the 1850s. Aden was formally made into a crown colony in 1937, and
the surrounding region became known as the Aden Protectorate in 1937.
Aden was granted a legislative council in 1944 and later
received other rights of self-government. In 1963 Aden was joined to the Federation of the Emirates of the
South, which then became the Federation of South Arabia. With the establishment
(1967) of the independent country of Southern Yemen, Aden became the capital along with Madinat ash Shab. In
1970 Aden became the country's sole capital. In 1990 Southern Yemen and Yemen united to form one country, Yemen. Sana'a became capital of the new nation, and Aden was designated its economic capital. The city was
severely damaged during the 1994 Yemeni civil war.
crown colony (1937-1963), state within the Federation of South Arabia
km² (including several islands)
Currency: 1 Rupee
(16 Annas, 1 Anna = 12 Pie), from 1951: East African Shilling (100 cents)
For more stamps see:
South Arabia, Federation of
The Colony of Aden in Wikipedia.
Flag of the Colony
of Aden in Flags of the World.
Flag of the State of
Aden in Flags of the World.
& Sons, London (1 and 4), Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co., New Malden
(2 and 3); overprint by
& Sons, London
perforated: 13½:14 (1 and
4), 11:11½ (2 and 3)
remark: stamps are
overprinted with new value; only overprinted stamps were issued
1 2½ ANNAS on
20 cents Hermes, globe, letter,
airplane, boat, train, text "UNIVERSAL / POSTAL UNION / 1874 1949"
Michel 33/SG 32/Yvert 32)
2 3 ANNAS on
30 c hemispheres, airplane,
steamer, text "1874 / UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1949"
Michel 34/SG 33/Yvert 33)
3 8 ANNAS on
50 c Hermes scattering
letters over globe, text "UNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION / 1874 / 1949"
(cat. Michel 35/SG 34/Yvert 34)
4 1 RUPEE on
1/- UPU monument, Berne,
text "UNIVERSAL / POSTAL / UNION / 1874 / 1949" and "UNION
Michel 36/SG 35/Yvert 35)
from Hunger Campaign
date: 4 June 1963
designer: Michael Goaman
& Sons, London
5 1/25 sh collection of 'protein foods', text
"FREEDOM FROM HUNGER"
Michel 35/SG 32/Yvert 35)
last revised: 22